IEEE Symbiotic Autonomous Systems:
Fostering Technology, Ethics, Public Policy, & Societal Enablers
Full-day WS @ 2018 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2018)
9 October 2018 | Miyazaki, Japan
Download Workshop Overview (PDF, 360 KB)
Session Chairs: Raj Madhavan and Francesco Flammini
Economic and societal forces, enabled by the evolution and convergence of several technologies, are driving the development of a novel generation of systems. Today, we are at a crossroads, on the cusp of significant transformative changes that will impact society worldwide, revolutionizing global business operations and fundamentally altering how inanimate objects are perceived in a world increasingly reliant on autonomous systems. A key outcome of this transformation will be a notable shift in the interaction of previously independent systems, including humans, and an increased awareness and responsiveness to autonomous systems that will lead to the development of symbiotic relationships that have significant implications for human society as a whole.
The IEEE, with cooperation from its operational units having strong technology roots in pursuing the development of technologies for the benefit of humanity, is ideally positioned to play a major role in this revolution. The IEEE Future Directions Symbiotic Autonomous Systems (SAS) Initiative is taking a leadership role in fostering consensus on how best to bring about symbiotic relationships between autonomous systems, and capitalize on the recognition that SAS are poised to have a revolutionary impact on society over the coming years. Collaborating with IEEE communities and global organizations conducting ongoing efforts in the area of autonomous and intelligent systems, the Initiative will facilitate the development of a new field of Symbiotic Systems Science (SSS) to consolidate and advance technological expertise with emphasis on ethical, legal, and societal (ELS) implications, and with the objective to promote human-centric economic growth. Additional details are available from symbiotic-autonomous-systems.ieee.org.
The proposed full-day WS will allow for the discussion of the implementations and implications of symbiotic autonomous systems. In addition to technical aspects, important factors such as socio-economic issues and public policy requirements need to be taken into consideration. To address these concerns, the WS will take on the above issues centered on the following two themes
- Theme #1: Enabling Technologies and Existing Gaps
- Theme #2: Ethical, Legal, and Societal Considerations
Topic areas include, but are not limited to:
- Applications of technologies that constitute the building blocks for a next generation of SAS
- Integration of new technology approaches paving the way for a new field of SSS
- Regulation and governance aspects that arise through the development and deployment of these technologies
- Economic and market implications (e.g. the future of work)
- Privacy, Safety, and Security implications
- Standards and best practices
- AI/Deep learning
- Sensors/biosensors and actuators, and smart materials
- Wireless communications/5G
|9:30 - 9:45||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuAm-R01:SAS-1: Welcome||Symbiotic Autonomous Systems: Fostering Technology, Ethics, Public Policy, & Societal Enablers||Raj Madhavan||Economic and societal forces, enabled by the evolution and convergence of several technologies, are driving the development of a novel generation of systems. Today, we are at a crossroads, on the cusp of significant transformative changes that will impact society worldwide, revolutionizing global business operations and fundamentally altering how inanimate objects are perceived in a world increasingly reliant on autonomous systems. A key outcome of this transformation will be a notable shift in the interaction of previously independent systems, including humans, and an increased awareness and responsiveness to autonomous systems that will lead to the development of symbiotic relationships that have significant implications for human society as a whole.|
|9:45 - 10:45||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuAM-R01:SAS 2: Keynote Talk-1||From Human in the Loop to Human on the Loop||Saeid Nahavandi||
Most existing robotic systems have human involvement in some way, shape, or form. To achieve a robot assisted mission, the human is often in the loop, performing a critical task to the mission that comes with it's own weakness and disadvantage. The role of humans in this ecosystem will shift from being in the loop to on the loop where robots are deployed. This talk will cover aspects of robotics and haptics research and their applications. Major challenges are highlights in the journey towards full autonomy and the shift from human in the loop to human on the loop.
|10:45 - 11:15||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuAM-R01:SAS-3: Regular Presentation 1||Is it Possible to Rethink Autonomous Vehicles with Human-centric Design Principles? Taming the AI-powered Robotics with Human-Factors and Safety||Pinar Boyraz|
|11:15 - 11:30||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuAM-R01:SAS-4: Q&A 1||Q&A|
|11:30 - 13:30||Lunch||Lunch|
|13:30 - 14:30||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuPM-R01:SAS-5: Keynote Talk 2||The Emergence of Abstract Sciences and Brain-inspired Symbiotic Systems||YingXu Wang||
Latest basic studies and theoretical breakthroughs have led to systematic revelations of the parallel and recursive framework of contemporary sciences and human-nature symbiosis. A symbiotic system is a bio-and-social-inspired system characterized by heterogeneously synergized adaptive structures and behaviors. Symbiotic Autonomous Systems (SAS) are an intelligent and cognitive system embodied by computational intelligence in order to facilitate collective intelligence among human-machine interactions in a hybrid society. Paradigms of SAS are such as natural intelligence systems, social computing systems, man-machine systems, cognitive systems, cognitive robots, bioinformatics systems, brain-inspired systems, self-driving automobiles, unmanned systems, and intelligent IoT.
|14:30 - 15:00||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuPM-R01:SAS-6: Regular Presentation 2||Cognitive-Cyber Symbiosis Enabling Trusted Autonomy in Artificial Intelligence Empowered Machines||Hussein A. Abbass|
|15:00 - 15:30||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuPM-R01:SAS-7: Regular Presentation 3||An Engineering Perspective for Creating Symbiotic Relationships Between Humans and Machines||David Abbink||
The research area of human-machine interaction is more relevant than ever. The public debate often focusses on where artificial intelligence and robotics outperform humans, or vice versa. But the real question is how to create enduring relationships between humans and technology, in which the combined capabilities of human and machine are more than the sum of their parts.
|16:00 - 17:00||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuEV-R01:SAS-8: Keynote Talk-3||Ethical, Legal, and Societal Considerations||Christopher Nemeth||
The IEEE motto is: “Development of technologies for the benefit of humanity.” Our role as technical professionals is to develop technologies. And our purpose is to be of benefit to humanity. We might assume we’re beneficial, but that’s not science. How do we know we’re benefitting humanity? What data do you need? What data do you have?
|17:00 - 17:45||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuEV-R01:SAS-9: Q&A 2||Q&A Session 2 and Panel Discussion|
|17:45 - 18:00||2F R01 (2F Orchard North)||TuEV-R01:SAS-10: Closing Remarks||Wrap up & Adjourn|
Recently, David joined the research initiative AITech, which aims to unify research efforts at TU Delft to explore meaningful human control over intelligent systems, such that their relationships adhere to the principles of transparency, human responsibility, ethical alignment and legal compliance.
Dr. Nemeth earned his PhD in human factors and ergonomics from the Union Institute and University in 2003, and an MS in product design from the Institute of Design at Illinois Institute of Technology in 1984. His design and human factors consulting practice and his corporate career have encompassed a variety of application areas, including health care, transportation and manufacturing. As a consultant, he has performed human factors analysis and product development, and served as an expert witness in litigation related to human performance. His 26-year academic career has included seven years in the Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care at the University of Chicago Medical Center, and adjunct positions with Northwestern University’s McCormick College of Engineering and Applied Sciences (Associate Professor), and Illinois Institute of Technology. He is a Fellow of the Design Research Society, a Senior Life Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) and has served 8 years in various roles on the IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society Board of Governors. He retired from the Navy in 2001 at the rank of Captain after a 30-year active duty and reserve career.